COAXING AN INFORMATION SOCIETY IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: THE RISE AND STEEP FALL OF A TECHNOLOGY PARK’S UNIVERSITY RESEARCH CENTER

Julio Angel Ortiz

Resumo


As TICs são ferramentas que ajudam a "azeitar" os processos em que se baseiam as atividades diárias de uma sociedade da informação. Comunidades latino-americanas têm utilizado essas ferramentas na forma de políticas, estratégias e programas para participar da economia digital global. A República Dominicana é um exemplo de país que procura se transformar em um protagonista no mercado regional. Este artigo discute as tentativas de uma universidade semi-pública em um parque tecnológico de implantar um centro de pesquisas em TICs. O estudo envolveu um procedimento auto-entográfico, em que a experiência do próprio autor como coordenador chefe deste centro é analisada. O artigo apresenta uma história interessante dos desafios enfrentados na implantação do centro de pesquisas em TICs, que pode servir de ensinamento para muitos outros centros de pesquisa em países menos desenvolvidos.

Palavras-chave


América Latina; parques tecnológicos; sociedade da informação; tecnologias da informação e comunicação (TICs); auto-etnografia; teoria crítica; pesquisa com profissionais

Referências


AMERICAN LIBRARY ASSOCIATION. Introduction to information literacy. Available at: http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/acrl/issues/infolit/overview/ intro/index.cfm. Accessed: Sep 2010.

BALUTIS, A. E-government 2001a, Part I: understanding the challenge and evolving strategies. The Public Manager. p. 33. Spring, 2001.

BOWERS, C. A. The cultural dimensions of educational computing: understanding the non-neutrality of technology. New York: Teachers College Press, 1998.

BRESNAHAN, T.; GAMBARDELLA, A.; SAXENIAN, A. L. 'Old economy' inputs for 'new economy' outcomes: cluster formation in the new Silicon Valleys. Industrial and Corporate Change. v. 10, n. 4, p. 835-860, 2001.

BREZIS, Elise; KRUGMAN, Paul; TSIDDON, Daniel. Leapfrogging: a theory of cycles in national technological leadership. NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research. 1991. Available at: http://papers.nber.org/ papers/w3886.pdf. Accessed: Sep 2010.

BREZNITZ, D. Innovation and the state: political choices and strategies for growth in Israel, Taiwan, and Irland. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007.

BRIDGES.ORG. E-ready for what? E-readiness in developing countries: current status and prospects toward the millennium development goals. 2005. Available at: http://www.bridges.org/publications/18. Accessed: Sep 2010.

CARAYANNIS, Elias G.; ALEXANDER, Jeffrey. Winning by co-opeting in strategic government-university-industry R&D partnerships: the power of complex, dynamic knowledge networks. Journal of Technology Transfer. v. 24, n. 2-3, p. 197-210, 1999.

CASTELLS, M. The rise of the network society. Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.

CRESWELL, J. W. Qualitative inquiry and research design: choosing among five traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1998.

DARNTON, R. An early information society: news and the media in eighteenth century Paris. The American Historical Review, v. 105, n. 1, p. 18, January 2002.

DiMAGGIO, P.; HARGITTAI, E. From the digital divide to digital inequality. In: Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, Chicago, IL., Proceedings... American Sociological Association, 2002.

DUTTA, Soumitra; LÓPEZ-CLAROS, Augusto; MIA, Irene. The global information technology report 2005–2006. Macmillan: Basingstoke, 2006.

DUTTON, W.; PELTU, M. Information and communication technologies – visions and realities. Oxford: Oxford Press, 1996.

ELLIS, C.; BOCHNER, A. (Eds.) Composing ethnography: alternative forms of qualitative writing. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, 1996.

SANCHEZ-FUNG, Jose R. Exchange rates, monetary policy, and interest rates in the Dominican Republic during the 1990s boom and new millennium crisis. Journal of Latin American Studies, v. 37, n. 4, p. 727 738, 2005.

GALPERIN, Herman. Wireless networks and rural development: opportunities for Latin America. Information Technologies and International Development. v. 2, n. 3, p. 47-56, 2005.

GILDE, C. Higher education: open for business. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2007.

GLASER, Barney G.; STRAUSS, Anselm. The discovery of grounded theory. New York, 1967.

GRANT, G. Realizing the promise of electronic government. Journal of Global Information Management, v. 13, n. 1, p. i–iv, 2005.

GREENWOOD, D. J.; LEVIN, M. In introduction to action research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1998.

GRIGOROVICO, D.; SCHEMENT, J. R.; TAYLOR, R. Weighing the intangible: towards a theory-based framework for Information Society indices. Chapter 10 in E. BOHLIN, S. LEVIN, N. SUNG & C.-H. YOON (Eds.), Global Economy and Digital Society, Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 2004.

HERNÁNDEZ, S.; TAVAREZ, J.; ORTIZ, J.; ROSARIO, J. E-caleta: un modelo para el combate de la brecha digital en la Republica Dominicana. Conferencia Centro América y del Caribe de Innovación Tecnológica y Desarrollo. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. January, 2008.

HILBERT, Martin; KATZ, Jorge. Building an information society: a perspective from Latin America and the Caribbean. Libros de la CEPAL series, No. 72 (LC/G.2199-P), Santiago, Chile, Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), 2002.

KAY, Luciano; SHAPIRA, Philip. Developing nanotechnology in Latin America. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, v. 11, n. 2, p. 259-278, 2009.

KVASNY, L.; TRAUTH, E. The digital divide at work and at home: discourses about power and underrepresented groups in the information society. In: E. WHITLEY; E. WYNN & J. DeGROSS (Eds.), Global and Organizational Discourse About Information Technology. New York, NY: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002.

LAU, T. Y.; ABOULHOSON, Mira; LIN, Carolyn; ATKIN, David J. Adoption of e-government in three Latin American countries: Argentina, Brazil and Mexico. Telecommunications Policy. v. 32, p. 88-100, 2008.

LIN, C.; ATKIN, D. Communication technology and society: audience adoption and uses. Hampton, Cresskill, NJ, 2002.

LUGAR, M.; GOLDSTEIN, H. Technology in the garden: research parks and regional economic development. Chapel Hill, N.C.: The University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

MARCELLE, Gillian M. Closing the digital divide in the Caribbean: a leadership challenge. In: The Association of Caribbean University, Research and Institutional Libraries (ACURIL) Annual Conference. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. Proceedings... ACURIL, May 23-29, 2004.

MASON, J. Qualitative Researching. 2nd. edition. London: Sage, 2002.

MERRIAM, S. Qualitative research and case study applications in education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1998.

ODEN, M. Beyond the digital access divide, developing meaningful measures of information and communications technology gaps. Austin, Texas: The University of Texas at Austin Press, 2004.

ORTIZ, Julio Angel; TAPIA, Andrea H. Keeping promises: municipal communities struggle to fulfill promises to narrow the digital divide with municipal community wireless network. Journal of Community Informatics on Wireless Networking for Communities, Citizens and the Public Interest. Special Issue, v. 4, n. 1, 2008.

PARDO, Theresa A. Realizing the promise of digital government: it’s more than building a web site. Information Impact. October, 2000.

PATTON, M. Q. Qualitative research and evaluation methods. 3rd. ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2002.

PELTON, J. The changing shape of global telecommunications. In: ANOWKWA, K.; LIN, C. A.; SALWEN, M. B. (Eds.), International Communication. Wadsworth, Belmont, CA, 2003.

PUTNAM, R. D. Bowling alone: the collapse and revival of American community, New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000.

ROSELL, Steven A. Governing in an Information Society. Institute for Research on Public Policy, Montreal, Canada, 1992.

SAXENIAN, A. Regional advantage: cultures and competitions in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1994.

SCHEMENT, J. R.; CURTIS, T. Tendencies and tensions of the Information Age: the production and consumption of information in the United States. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publications, 1997.

SCHEMENT, J. Of Gaps by which democracy we measure. Information Impacts Magazine, December, 1999.

SCOTT, A. Regional motors of the global economy. Futures. v. 28, n. 5, p. 391-411, 1996.

SLAUGHTER, S. R.; RHOADES, G. Academic capitalism and the new economy: markets, state, and higher education. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.

STEINFIELD, C. Organizations and external telecommunications networks: the adoption of wide area networks and their impact on organizational structure and strategy. In: C. LIN; D. ATKIN (Eds.), Communication technology and society: audience adoption and uses, p. 229–254. Cresskill NJ: Hampton, 2002.

STIER, Ken. Emerging markets: tropical paradox. Time. Global Business. Sunday, April 16, 2006.

STRAUSS, A.; CORBIN, J. M. Basics of qualitative research: techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory. Geiler: Sage Publications, 1998.

TAPIA, Andrea H.; KVASNY, Lynette; ORTIZ, Julio Angel. Unveiling the politics, economics, and social values in three US municipal wireless network initiatives for enhancing digital inclusion. Special Issue on Digital Cities of Telematics and Informatics. Elsevier, 2010.

TAYLOR, R.; JUSSAWALLA, M. Asian technology parks: lessons for the “digital divide". In: The Pacific Telecommunications Council Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii. Proceedings... Pacific Telecommunications Council, January 2001.

TRAUTH, E. M. Leapfrogging an IT sector. Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology. p. 1799-1802, 2005.

TREVERTON, Gregory F.; LEE, Mizell. The future of the information revolution in Latin America. Santa Monica: Rand, 2001.

VIDICH, A. J.; LYMAN, S. M. Qualitative methods: their history in sociology and anthropology. In: N. K. DENZIN; Y. S. LINCOLN (Eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research, p. 23-59. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2000.

WIARDA, Howard; KRYZANEK, Michael. The Dominican Republic: a Caribbean crucible. Westview Press, 1992.


Texto completo: PDF (English) PDF

Licença Creative Commons
Este trabalho está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 .